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Costs for an adoption vary widely from $0 to $50,000 depending on the type of adoption pursued. It generally costs from $0 to $1,000 to adopt a child from a County Foster/Adopt program. These children are often older, but sometimes infants are placed.
A voluntary adoption of a newborn through a non-profit agency will generally cost between $10,000 and $25,000. Attorney adoptions of newborns generally run from $20,000 to $30,000.
Some of these costs can be offset by income tax credits.
Adoption Tax Credits
Oh. Rev. Code Sec. 5747.37
Under the new law, the Ohio adoption tax credit has been increased to $10,000, regardless of income, from a previous credit of $1,500 for each Ohio adoption. You also have up to five years to use the credit.
26 U.S. Code Sec. 23
Federal Tax Credit for Adoption expenses. The amount says $10,000, but it is indexed for inflation. The available adoption credit begins to phase out under § 23(b)(2)(A) for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income in excess of $201,010 and is completely phased out for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income of $241,010.
Rev. Proc. 2014–61
Provides inflation indexing for Federal Tax Credit for adoption expenses. In 2015, the credit amount is $13,400.
Franklin County Probate Court Filing Fees
42 CFR 435.145
The state must provide Medicaid to individuals for whom an adoption assistance agreement is in effect with the state, regardless of whether adoption assistance is being provided or an interlocutory or other judicial decree of adoption has been issued.
42 CFR 435.227
Optional eligibility for individuals under age 21 who are under State adoption assistance agreements